Alphabet Garden Plants

Artemisia Schmidtiana (silver mound, wormwood)

ArtemisiaPerennial

Light: 6 hours or more of sun

Mature Size: 10”-14” tall

Bloom Time: mid summer to mid-fall

Garden Tip: Fast growing. Can be cut back in spring to control size. Do not cut into old wood – look for buds to start and do not cut below that. Can be sheared during the summer if needed – new foliage will flush out quickly. Likes dryer soil. Deer resistant.

 

Beard Tongue (Penstemon digitalis Husker Red)

bearded tonguePerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size 30”-36” tall

Bloom Time: early summer to mid-summer

It prefers a slightly acidic soil. Performs well in dry soil.  Full sun preferred. Tolerates light shade. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies!

 

Cone Flower (Echinacea purpurea Magnus)

Cone FlowerPerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 36” tall

Bloom Time: mid-summer to late summer

Special Features: Deer resistant,  NJ native and attracts butterflies.

An exceptionally hardy perennial that is low maintenance, as well as heat and drought tolerant. Grow in full sun in average, well-drained soil. Will tolerate partial shade if given four hours of sun, including the noon hour. Blooms July through September if kept deadheaded. Flowers attract butterflies to the garden and later, seed heads provide winter interest in the garden and attract migrating birds, especially goldfinches.

 

Daisy, Shasta ( Leucanthemum Becky)

daisyPerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 36”-48” tall

Bloom Time: late spring to late summer.

Special Features: attracts butterflies

The Shasta daisy comes into bloom in June and July and will continue giving bloom through August if faded flowers are removed. After 1st frost cut back to 1 inch.

 

Euphorbia Palustris

EuphorbiaPerennial

Light: full sun or part shade

Mature Size: 36” tall

Bloom Time: late spring, leaves turn orange/yellow in fall.

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings.

 

Fleabane (Erigeron speciosus)

fleabanePerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 12-18” tall

Bloom Time: late summer to early fall

These native wildflowers produces tiny daisy-like flowers in great clouds in late summer into early fall. It is often mistaken for an aster, but is easier to grow and isn’t plagued by fungal problems. Drought tolerant and attracts butterflies.

 

Goatsbeard (Aruncus)

GoastbeardPerennial

Light: part sun to shade

Mature Size: 1-3 ft tall

Bloom Time: early summer

One of goatsbeard’s other common names, bride’s feathers, refers to the early summer bloom time of June. This moisture-lover likes shade along with plenty of water to prevent leaf scorch.

 

Hibiscus Cinnamon Grappa

hibiscusPerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 42” tall

Bloom Time: mid summer

Grows well in any fertile, well-drained soil with ample moisture. Do not allow to dry to the wilting point. Be patient, as Hibiscus can be slow to emerge in spring.

 

Iris

irisPerennial

Light: full sun to pt. shade

Mature Size: 6 inches to 3 ft. tall

Bloom Time: late spring to early summer

Special Features: Attracts birds, hummingbirds and butterflies. Is drought tolerant & deer resistant.

 

Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum Baby Joe)

joe pye weedPerennial

Light: full sun to pt. shade

Mature Size: 2-3 ft tall

Bloom Time: Late-summer to early-fall

Special Features:  This plant creates an excellent vertical element in a landscape for its upright stems. The fuzzy flowers are a warm purple that will sway in the wind all summer spreading their fragrance from July – September. It also attracts butterflies.

 

Knockout, False Indigo (Baptisia)

knockoutPerennial

Light: sun to pt. shade

Mature Size: 2-4 ft. tall

Bloom Time: late spring

Special Features:  It’s a native prairie plant that bears long, tall spikes of pea-like blooms in late spring. As the flowers ripen, they turn into interesting black seedpods often used in fall arrangements. It is a drought-tolerant plant that forms a deep taproot. Choose its location carefully; it is difficult to transplant once established.

 

Lenten Rose (Helleborus)

lenten rosePerennial

Light: sun-pt. sun-shade

Mature Size: 12-18” tall

Bloom Time: early spring

Special Features:  Their exquisite bowl- or saucer-shape flowers in white (often speckled), pinks, yellows, or maroon remain on the plant for several months, even after the petals have fallen. Deer-resistant and mostly evergreen, hellebores’ divided leaves rise on sturdy stems and may be serrated (like a knife) along the edges. They do best in shade where soil remains moist; some prefer acid or alkaline conditions, depending on variety.

 

Mallow Poppy (Callirhoe)

mallowPerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 6-36” tall

Bloom Time: late spring to early fall

Special Features: poppy mallow bears neon magenta blooms from late spring into fall. Its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant once established but gives the plant excellent drought tolerance.

 

Nepeta, Catmint

nepetaPerennial

Light: sun to pt. sun

Mature Size: 4-36” tall

Bloom Time: summer

Special Features: Catmint is one of the toughest perennials you can grow. It’s a proven performer during hot, dry weather, and the silvery foliage and blue flowers look great most of the season. Deadhead or cut back hard after first flush of bloom to encourage more flowers. This plant is deer resistant, drought tolerant and attracts butterflies.

 

Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana)

joe pye weedPerennial

Light: full sun to pt. shade

Mature Size: 2-3 ft.

Bloom Time: mid-summer to fall

Special Features: Deer resistant plant that produces very showy spike-like clusters of lavender-white 1″ tubular flowers in August, spreads well by rhizomes (very well in light or sandy soil), will grow (and spread slowly) in dry and/or poor soil , attracts hummingbirds & butterflies. If the flowers are moved on the stem to face a different direction, they stay in the new position – hence the name ‘Obedient plant’.

 

Poker, Red Hot or Torch Lily (Kniphofia coddiana)

pokerPerennial

Light: sun to pt. sun

Mature Size: 3-5 ft. tall

Bloom Time: late spring to early summer

Special Features: Their bold spikes of brilliantly colored tubular flowers are set among sword-shape leaves. Attracts birds, hummingbirds, and butterflies.  It is both deer resistant and drought tolerant. Dead head entire spike in the fall. Tie leaves over crown of plant to protect it for the winter and add 1 inch of mulch around plant too. Prune back the Torch Lily in the spring after the weather has warmed up. Cut back the entire plant to its base, removing all of the dead foliage that died during the winter. The plant will grow back to its original lush form.

 

Queen of the Prairie, Meadowsweet (Filipendula rubra ‘Venusta’)

queenofprairie Perennial

Light: sun to pt. shade

Mature Size: 4-6 ft. tall

Bloom Time: late summer

Special Features: It loves moisture, so it’s ideal for growing beside sunny ponds or streams, although it also thrives in moist, rich garden soil. It is seldom nibbled on by deer or rabbits. It attracts butterflies as well.

 

Red Shrub Rose

rosePerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 1-5 ft. tall

Bloom Time: mid-summer

Special Features: Prune your shrub rose in February before new growth to the shape you desire.

 

Spiderwort, Golden (Tradescantia)

spiderwortPerennial

Light: sun to pt. sun

Mature Size: 6-36” tall

Bloom Time: mid-summer

Special Features: Producing small, perfect, jewel-tone flowers, these beauties open over several weeks. These plants are also drought tolerant and deer resistant.

 

Turtlehead (Chelone)

turtleheadPerennial

Light: sun to pt. sun

Mature Size: 16-48” tall

Bloom Time: late summer to fall

Special Features: This native perennial gets its name from the shape of its unusual flowers, which resemble the heads of snapping turtles. It’s a good choice for heavy, wet soils and spreads to form dense colonies of upright stems bearing pink, rose, or white flowers from late summer into fall. It grows best in some shade, but tolerates full sun with adequate moisture.

 

Umbrella Cheese Tree, Buttonwood (Glochidion sumatranum)

umbrellatreePerennial

Light: light shade to full shade

Mature Size: 4-15 ft. tall

Bloom Time: mid-summer

Special Features: Bark is brown in color with a rough and flaky texture. Attractive new growth is salmon colored and young branches are a vivid red.

 

Veronica, Speedwell

veronicaPerennial

Light: sun to pt. sun

Mature Size: 4-48” tall

Bloom Time: late spring to early fall

Special Features: Attracts Hummingbirds, butterflies, bees. It is also drought tolerant & deer resistant.

 

Willow, Pussy (Salix caprea)

willowPerennial

Light: full sun but will tolerate pt. shade

Mature Size: 4-10 ft. tall

Bloom Time: early spring

Special Features: Although they can be allowed to grow unpruned, the plant will benefit from regular pruning after blooming. Prune the lowest branches back to the trunk, and prune for shape. You can even cut the tree back to a 6-inch stump every two to three years.

 

Xenox, Sedum

xenoxPerennial

Light: sun to pt. shade

Mature Size: 10” tall

Bloom Time: late summer to early winter

Special Features: This drought tolerant plant has blue-green spring foliage which matures to rich burgundy. Red buds open to soft rosy-pink flowers in late summer.

 

Yarrow, Strawberry (Achillea)

yarrowPerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 6-60” tall

Bloom Time: mid-summer

Special Features: This native plant has colorful, flat-top blooms that rise above clusters of ferny foliage. The tough plants resist drought, are rarely eaten by deer and rabbits. If deadheaded after its first flush of blooms fade, yarrow will rebloom. If left to dry on the plant, flower clusters of some types provide winter interest.

 

Zebragrass  (Miscanthus sinensis)

zebragrassPerennial

Light: 6 or more hours of sun

Mature Size: 2-9 ft. tall

Bloom Time: late summer to early fall

Special Features:  This ornamental grass is drought tolerant, deer resistant and attracts birds. It has erect, dramatic plumes of flower spikelets that rise among the leaves or well above them and last beautifully through the winter.